108. Cea Salazar, V. I., Perez, M., Robison, A. J. & Trainor, B. C. 2024. Interactions between gonadal hormones and genetically encoded neuroscience tools. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 84, 102817.


107. Wright, E. C., Luo, P. X., Zakharenkov, H. C., Serna Godoy, A., Lake, A., A., Prince, Z. D., Sekar, S., Culkin, H. I., Luo, P. X., Ramirez, A. V., Dwyer, T., Kapor, A., Corbett, C., Tian, L., Fox, A. S., Trainor, B. C.  2023. Sexual differentiation of neural mechanisms of stress sensitivity during puberty. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 120, e2306475120.

     Wright et al. 2023 Supplementary methods.

106. Boender, A. J., Boon, M., Albers, H. E., Eck, S. R., Fricker, B. A., Kelly, A. M., LeDoux, J. E., Motta, S. C., Shrestha, P., Taylor, J. H., Trainor, B. C., Triana-Del Rio, R., Young, L. J. 2023. An AAV-CRISPR/Cas9-strategy for gene editing across divergent rodent species: targeting neural oxytocin receptors as a proof of concept. Science Advances, 9, eadf4950.


105. Williams, A. V., Peña, C. J., Ramos-Maciel, S., Laman-Maharg, A., Ordoñez-Sanches, E., M., Britton, Durbin-Johnson, B., Settles, M., Hao, R., Yokoyama, S., Xu, C., Luo, P. X., Dwyer, T., Bhela, S., Black, A. M., Labonté, B., Serafini, R. A., Ruiz, A., Neve, R. L., Zachariou, V., Nestler, E. J., Trainor, B. C. 2022. Comparative transcriptional analyses in the nucleus accumbens identifies RGS2 as a key mediator of depression-related behaviorBiological Psychiatry, 92, 942-951.

Williams et al. 2022 Supplementary Materials

104. Luo, P. X., Cortez Zakharenkov, H., Torres, L. Y., Rios, R. A., Gegenhuber, B., Black, A. M., Xu, C. K., Minie, V. A., Tran, A. M., Tollkuhn, J., & Trainor, B. C. 2022. Oxytocin receptor behavioral effects and cell types in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Hormones and Behavior, 105203.

103. Butler-Struben, H. M., Kentner, A. C. & Trainor, B. C. 2022. What's wrong with my experiment?: The impact of hidden variables on neuropsychopharmacology research. Neuropsychopharmacology. 47, 1285-1291.

102. Duque-Wilckens, N & Trainor, B. C. 2022. Oxytocin release in stressful times. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 40:105709.


101. Trainor, B. C. & Falkner, A. L. 2021. Quantifying sex differences in behavior in the era of "big" data. Cold Spring Harb Perspect. Biol. a039164.

100. Kuske, J. X. & Trainor, B. C. 2021. Mean girls: social stress models for female rodents. In: Miczek
& R. Sinha Eds. Neuroscience of Social Stress, Springer.

99. Minie, V., Trainor, B. C., and Duque-Wilckens, N. 2021. Effects of environmental enrichment
on stereotypy and social stress-induced phenotypes in California mice (Peromyscus californicus)
. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science.


98. Peen, N. F., Duque-Wilckens, N., Trainor, B. C. 2021. Convergent neuroendocrine mechanisms of social buffering and stress contagion. Hormones and Behavior, 129, 104933.

97. Luo, P., Manning, C. E., Fass, J. N., Williams, A. V., Hao, R., Campi, K. L., Trainor, B. C. 2021. Sex-specific effects of social defeat stress on miRNA expression in the anterior BNST. Behavioural Brain Research, 401, 113084.

96. Duque-Wilckens, N., Torres, L. Y., Yokoyama, S., Minie, V., Tran, A. M., Petkova, S. P., Hao, R., Ramos-Maciel, S. Rios, R. A., Jackson, K., Flores-Ramirez, F. J., Garcia-Carachure, I., Pesavento, P. A., Iñiguez, S. A., Grinevich, V. J. & Trainor, B. C. 2020. Extra-hypothalamic oxytocin neurons drive stress-induced social vigilance and avoidance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 117, 26406-26413.

​Supplementary methods

Movie S1

95. Kaur S, Kinkade JA, Green MT, Martin RE, Willemse TE, Bivens NJ, Schenk AK, Helferich WG, Trainor BC, Fass J, Settles M, Mao J, Rosenfeld CS. 2020. Disruption of global hypothalamic microRNA (miR) profiles and associated behavioral changes in California mice (Peromyscus californicus) developmentally exposed to endocrine disrupting chemicals. Horm Behav. Nov 30;128:104890.

94. Williams, A. V., Duque-Wilckens, N. Ramos-Maciel, S., Campi, K. L., Bhela, S., Xu, C. K. Jackson, K., Chini, B. Pesavento, P. A. & Trainor, B. C. 2020. Social approach and social vigilance are differentially regulated by oxytocin receptors in the nucleus accumbens. Neuropsychopharmacology.
See commentary by Rieger and Christianson

93. Marler, C. A. & Trainor, B. C. 2020. The challenge response revisited: Focus on reproductive experience and neural mechanisms. Hormones and Behavior, in press.

92. Wright, E. C., Hostinar, C. E. & Trainor, B. C. 2019. Anxious to see you: Neuroendocrine mechanisms of social vigilance and anxiety during adolescence. European Journal of Neuroscience.

91. Shields, G. S., Dunn, T. M., Trainor, B. C., Yonelinas, A. P. 2019. Determining the biological associates of acute cold pressor post-encoding stress effects on human memory. The role of salivary interleukin-1b. Brain Behavior, and Immunity, 81, 178-187.

90. Steinman, M. Q., Duque-Wilckens, N & Trainor, B. C. 2019. Complementary neural circuits for divergent effects of oxytocin: social approach versus social anxiety. Biological Psychiatry. 85, 792-801.

89. Duque-Wilckens, Trainor, B. C. & Marler, C. A. 2019. Aggression and Territoriality. In; Choe, J. C. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, 2nd Edition. pp 539-546. Academic Press.

88. Mayer, H. S., Crepeau, M., Duque-Wilckens, N., Torres, L. Y., Trainor, B. C. & Stolzenberg, D. S. 2019. Histone deacetylase inhibitor treatment promotes spontaneous caregiving behavior in non-aggressive virgin male mice. J. Neuroendocrinol. In press.

87. Leonzino, M., Ponzoni, L., Braida, D. Gigliucci, V., Busnelli, M., Ceresini, I., Duque-Wilckens, N., Nishimori, K., Trainor, B. C., Sala, M., Chini, B. 2019. Impaired approach to novelty and striatal alteration in the oxytocin receptor deficient mouse model of autism. Horm. Behav., 114, 104543.

86. Shields, G. S., Rivers, A. M., Ramey, M. M., Trainor, B. C., Yonelinas, A. P. 2019. Mild acute stress improves response speed without impairing accuracy or interference control in two selective attention task: implications for theories of stress and cognition. Psychoneuroendocrinology. In press.

85. Young, R. L., Ferkin, M. H., Ockendon-Pwell, N. F., Orr, V. N., Phelps, S. M., Pogany, A., Richards-Zawacki, C. L., Summers, K., Szekely, T., Trainor, B. C., Urrutia, A. O., Zachar , G., O'Connell, L. A., Hofmann, H. A. 2019. Conserved transcriptomic profiles underpin monogamy across vertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U. S. A., 116, 1331-1336.

84. Pesapane, R., Enge, B., Roy, A., Kelley, R., Mabry, K., Trainor, B.C., Clifford, D, Foley J. 2019. A Tale of Two Valleys: Disparity in Sin Nombre Virus Antibody Reactivity Between Neighboring Mojave Desert Communities., Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis., 19, 290-294.


83. Lam, J. C. W., Shields, G. S., Trainor, B. C., Slavich, G. M. & Yonelinas, A. P. 2018. Greater lifetime stress exposure predicts blunted cortisol but heightened DHEA reactivity to acute stress. Stress and Health, 35, 15-26.

82. Williams, A. V. & Trainor, B. C. 2018. The impact of sex as a biological variable in the search for novel antidepressants. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 50, 107-117.

81. Williams, A. V., Laman-Maharg, A., Armstrong, C. V., Ramos-Maciel, S., Minie, V. A., Trainor, B. C. 2018. Acute inhibition of kappa opioid receptors before but not after social defeat blocks anhedonia and social avoidance in female California mice. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 86, 166-174.

80. Wright, E. C., Parks, T. V., Alexander, J., Supra, R. & Trainor, B. C. 2018. Activation of kappa opioid receptors in the dorsal raphe have sex dependent effects on social behavior in California mice. Behavioural Brain Research, 351, 83-92.

79. Rieger, N. S., Fuxjager, M. J., Trainor, B. C., Zhao, X. & Marler, C. A. 2018. Behavioral and neuroendocrine plasticity in the form of winner and loser effects. In Handbook of Social Neuroendocrinology. Mehta & Schultheiss, eds. Oxford University Press.

78. Laman-Maharg, A., Williams, A. V., Zufelt, M. D., Minie, V. A., Copeland, T., Ramos-Maciel, S., Hao, R., Sanchez, E. O., Silverman, J. L., Leigh, A., Snyder, R., Carrol, F. I., Fennell, T. R., Trainor, B. C. 2018. Sex differences in the effects of a kappa opioid receptor antagonists in the forced swim
. Front. Pharmacol.9:93.

​77. Kowalczyk, A. S., Davila, R. F., Trainor, B. C. 2018. Effects of social defeat on paternal behavior and pair bonding behavior in male California mice (Peromyscus californicus). Hormones and Behavior. 98: 88-95.

76. Duque-Wilckens, N., Steinman, M. Q., Busnelli, M, Chini, B., Yokoyama, S., Pham, M., Laredo, S. A.,R. Hao, Perkeybile, A. M., Minie, V. A., Tan, P. B.. Bales, K. L. and Trainor, B. C. 2018. Oxytocin receptors in the anteromedial bed nucleus of the stria terminalis promote stress-induced social avoidance in females. Biological Psychiatry, 80, 203-213. (Priority communication).


75. Laman-Maharg A. R., Copeland, T., Sanchez, E. O., Campi, K.L., Trainor, B. C. 2017. The long-term effects of stress and kappa opioid receptor activation on conditioned place aversion in male and female California mice. Behavioural Brain Research, 332, 299-307.

74. Wright, E. C., Johnson, S. A., Hao, R., Kowalczyk, A. S., Greenberg, G. D., Odroñez Sanchez, E., Laman-Maharg, A. R., Trainor, B. C., Rosenfeld, C. S. 2017. Exposure to extrinsic stressors social defeat or bisphenol A, eliminates sex differences in DNA methyltransferase expression in the amygdala. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 29, 1-9.

73. Steinman, M. Q. & Trainor, B. C. 2017. Sex differences in the effects of social defeat on brain and behavior in the California mouse: insights from a monogamous rodent. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, 61, 92-98.

72. Duque-Wilckens, N. & Trainor, B. C. 2017. Behavioral neuroendocrinology of female aggression. 2017. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (R. J. Nelson, ed). In press.

71. Fuxjager, M. J., Trainor, B. C., and Marler, C. A. 2017. What can animal research tell us about the link between androgens and social competition in humans. Hormones and Behavior, 92, 182-189.

70. Trainor, B. C., Sisk, C. L & Nelson, R. J. 2017. Hormonal processes in the development and expression of aggressive behavior. Hormones Brain and Behavior 3rd Edition (Pfaff et al. eds). DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190264086.013.11​.


69. Duque-Wilckens, N., Steinman, M. Q., Laredo, S. A., Hao, R., Perkybile, A. M., Baes, K. L. & Trainor, B. C. 2016. Effects of V1a receptor in bed nucleus of stria terminalis on social behavior and anxiety in males and females. Neuropharmacology, 110, 59-68.

68. Laman-Maharg, A. & Trainor, B. C. 2016. Stress, sex, and motivated behaviors. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 95, 83-92.

67. Shields, G. S., Lam, J. C. W., Trainor, B. C. & Yonelinas, A. P. 2016. Exposure to acute stress enhances decision-making competence: evidence for the role of DHEA. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 67, 51-60.

66. Shields, G. S., Trainor, B. C., Lam, J. C. W., and Yonelinas, A. P. 2016. Acute stress impairs cognitive flexibility in men not women. Stress, 20, 1-5.

65. Steinman, M. Q., Duque-Wilckens, N., Greenberg, G. D., Hao, R. Campi, K. L., Laredo, S. A., Laman-Maharg, A., Manning, C. E., Doig, I. E., Lopez, E. M., Walch, K., Bales, K. L. and Trainor, B. C. 2016. Sex-specific effects of stress on oxytocin neurons correspond with responses to intranasal oxytocin. Biological Psychiatry, 80, 406-414. Supplementary methods

Biological Psychiatry book cover


​64. Greenberg, G. D., Doig, I. E., Steinman, M. Q., & Hao, R., Trainor, B. C. 2015. Effects of social defeat on dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area in males and females. European Journal of Neuroscience, 42, 3081-3094.

63. Heimovics, S. A., Trainor, B. C. and Soma, K. K. 2015. Rapid effects of estradiol on aggression in birds and mice: the fast and the furious. _Integrative and Comparative Biology,55, 281-293.

62. Greenberg, G. D. & Trainor, B. C. 2015. Sex differences in social behavior and the role of the social decision-making network. In: R. M. Shansky (Ed.) Neuroscience of Sex. Elsevier, pp 77-106.

61. Laredo, S. A., Steinman, M. Q., Robles, C. F., Ferrer, E. & Trainor, B. C. 2015. Effects of defeat stress on behavioral flexibility in males and females: modulation by the mu-opioid receptor. European Journal of Neuroscience, 41, 434-441.

60. Steinman, M. Q., Laredo, S. A., Lopez, E. L., Manning, C. E., Hao, R., Doig, I. E., Campi, K. L., Flowers, A. E., Knight, J. K., Trainor, B. C. 2015. Hypothalamic vasopressin systems are more sensitive to the long term effects of social defeat in males versus females. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 51, 122-134._

59. Perea-Rodriguez, J. P., Takahashi, E. Y., Amador, T. M., Hao, R. C., Saltzman, W. & Trainor, B. C. 2015. Effects of reproductive experience on central expression of progesterone, oestrogen (a),oxytocin, and vasopressin (V1a) receptor mRNA in male California mice (Peromyscus californicus). Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 27, 245-254.

58. Laredo, S. A., Villalon Landeros, R. & Trainor, B. C. 2015. Rapid effects of estrogens on behavior: environmental modulation and molecular mechanisms. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 35, 477-458.


57. Rosenfeld, C. S. & Trainor, B. C. 2014. Environmental health factors and sexually dimorphic differences in behavioral disruptions. Current Environmental Health Reports, 1, 287-301.

56. Greenberg, G. D., Laman-Maharg, A., Campi, K. L., Voigt, H., Orr, V. N., Schaal, L. & Trainor, B. C. 2014. Sex differences in stress-induced social withdrawal: role of brain derived neurotrophic factor in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 223.

55. Robles, C. F., McMackin, M. Z., Doig, I. E., Campi, K. L., Takahashi, E. Y., Pride, M. & Trainor, B. C. 2014. Sex differences in the effects of kappa opioid receptors on conditioned place aversion and social interaction behavior. Behavioural Brain Research, 262, 84-93.

54. Campi, K. L., Greenberg, G. D., Kapoor, A., Ziegler, T. E. & Trainor, B. C. 2014. Sex differences in effects of D1 dopamine receptors on social withdrawal. Neuropharmacology, 77, 208-216.

53. Laredo, S. A., Orr, V. N., McMackin, M. Z. & Trainor, B. C. 2014. The effects of exogenous melatonin and melatonin receptor blocakde on aggression and estrogen-dependent gene expression in male California mice (Peromyscus californicus). 2014. Physiology and Behavior, 128C, 86-91.

52. Greenberg, G. D., Howerton, C. L. & Trainor, B. C. 2014. Fighting in the home cage: dominance hierarchies and effects on neurobiological markers within the social decision-making network of house mice (Mus musculus). Neuroscience Letters, 566, 151-155.

51. Speca, D. J. Ogata. G., Mandikian, D., Bishop, H. I., Wiler, S. W., Eum, K., Jürgen Wenzel, H. Doisy, E. T., Matt, L., Campi, K. L., Golub, M. S., Nerbonne, J. M., Hell, J. W., Trainor, B. C., Sack, J. T., Schwartzkroin, P. A. & Trimmer, J. S. 2014. Deletion of the Kv 2.1 delayed rectifier potassium channel leads to neuronal and behavioral hyperexcitability. Genes Brain Behav., 13, 394-408.


50. Campi, K. L., Jameson, C. E. & Trainor, B. C. 2013. Sexual dimorphism in the brain of the monogamous California mouse (Peromyscus californicus). Brain Behavior and Evolution, 81, 236-249.

49. Laredo, S. A., Villalon Landeros, R., Dooley, J. C., Orr, V. N., Silva, A. L., Crean, K. K., Steinman, M. Q. & Trainor, B. C. 2013. Nongenomic effects of estradiol on aggression occur under short day but not long day photoperiods. Hormones and Behavior, 64, 557-565.

48. Trainor, B. C., Takahashi, E. Y., Campi, K. L., Florez, S. A., Greenberg, G. D., Laman-Maharg, A., Laredo, S. A., Orr, V. N., Silva, A. L. and Steinman, M. Q. 2013. Sex differences in stress-induced social withdrawal: independence from adult gonadal hormones and inhibition of female phenotype by corncob bedding. Hormones and Behavior, 63, 543-550.


47. Greenberg, G. D., van Westerhuyzen, J. A., Bales, K. L. & Trainor, B. C. 2012. Is it all in the family? The effects of early social structure on neural-behavioral systems of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster), Neuroscience, 216, 46-56. (cover article).

46. Steinman, M. Q., Knight, J. A. & Trainor, B. C. 2012. Effects of photoperiod and food restriction on the reproductive physiology of female California mice. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 176, 391-399. (Combinded Special Issues: NASCE 2011 and ISARN 2011).

45. Laredo, S. A. & Trainor, B. C. 2012. Aromatase, photoperiod, and nongenomic effects of estrogens on behavior. In: J. Balthazart and G. F. Ball (Eds.), Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior. Oxford University Press, New York. pp 399-415.

44. Renn, S. C. P., Fraser, E. J., Aubin-Horth, N., Trainor, B. C., Hofmann, H. A. 2012. Females of an African cichlid fish display male-typical behavior in the absence of males. Hormones and Behavior, 61, 496-503.

43. Conley, A. C., Orr, V. N., Trainor, B. C., Berger, T., Hughes, A. 2012. Multiple forms of aromatase in suiforms: tissue distribution, regulation and functional significance. In: J. Balthazart and G. F. Ball (Eds.), Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior. Oxford University Press, New York.

42. Villalon Landeros, R., Morisseau, C., Yoo, H. J., Fu, S. H., Hammock, B. D. and Trainor, B. C. 2012. Corncob bedding alters the effects of estrogens on aggressive behavior and reduces estrogen receptor-α expression in the brain. Endocrinology, 153, 949-953.


41. Trainor, B. C. 2011. Stress responses and the mesolimbic dopamine system: social contexts and sex differences. Hormones and Behavior, 60, 457-469_. (cover article).

40. Trainor, B. C., Pride, M. C., Villalon Landeros, R., Knoblauch, N.W., Takahashi, E. Y., Silva, A. S. and Crean, K. K. 2011. Sex differences in social interaction behavior following social defeat stress in the monogamous California mouse (Peromyscus californicus). PLoS One, 6: e17405.
Hormones and Behavior cover
39. Trainor, B. C. and Nelson, R. J. 2011. Neuroendocrinology of Aggressive Behavior. Handbook of Neuroendocrinology, G. Fink et al. editors, Elsevier: San Diego, CA, pp 509-520.

38. Steinman, M. Q., Crean, K. K. and Trainor, B. C. 2011. Photoperiod interacts with food restriction in performance in the Barnes maze in female California mice. European Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 361-370.


37. Steinman, M. Q. and Trainor, B. C. 2010. Rapid effects of steroid hormones on animal behavior.Nature Education Knowledge 1(10):1.

36. Trainor, B. C., Takahashi, E. Y., Silva, A. L., Crean, K. K., and Hostetler, C. 2010. Sex differences in hormonal responses to social conflict in the monogamous California mouse. Hormones and Behavior, 58, 506-512.

35. Silva, A. L, Fry, W. H. D., Sweeney, C. and Trainor, B. C. 2010. Effects of photoperiod and experience on aggressive behavior in female California mice. Behavioural Brain Research, 208, 528-534.

34. Trainor, B. C., Crean, K. K., Fry, W. H. D., and Sweeney, C. 2010. Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases in social behavior circuits during resident-intruder aggression tests.Neuroscience, 165, 325-336.

33. Trainor, B. C. and Marler, C. A. 2010. Aggression and territoriality. Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior. In: J. Moore and M. Breed (Eds), Elsevier, New York, pp 30-34.


32. Trainor, B. C., Sweeney, C., Cardiff, R. 2009. Isolating the effects of social interactions on cancer biology. Cancer Prev. Res., 2, 843-846.

31. Trainor, B. C., Sisk, C. L & Nelson, R. J. 2009. Hormonal processes in the development and expression of aggressive behavior. Hormones Brain and Behavior 2nd Edition (Pfaff et al. eds), pp 167-203.

30. Corbin, C. J., Berger, T., Ford, J. J., Roselli, C. E., Sienkiewicz, W., Trainor, B. C., Roser, J. F., Vidal, J. D., Harada, N., and Conley, A. J. 2009. Pocrine brain aromatase cytochrome P450: isoform characterization, sexually dimorphic and spatial expression, and regulation by enzyme inhibition in neonatal boars. Biology of Reproduction, 81, 388-395.


29. Trainor, B. C., Finy, M. S. & Nelson, R. J. 2008. Estradiol rapidly increases short-day aggression in a non-seasonally breeding rodent. Hormones and Behavior, 53, 192-199.

28. Trainor, B. C., Finy, M. S. & Nelson, R. J. 2008. Paternal aggression in a biparental mouse: Parallels with maternal aggression. Hormones and Behavior, 53, 200-207.

27. Workman, J. L., Trainor, B. C., Finy, M. S. & Nelson, R. J. 2008. Effects of neuronal nitric oxide synthase and social housing of anxiety-like behavior. Behavioural Brain Research, 187, 109-115.

26. Marler, C. A., Trainor, B. C., Gleason, E., Bester-Meredith, J. K. & Becker, E. 2008. The effects of paternal behavior on offspring aggression and hormones in the biparental California mouse. In: R. J. Bridges (Ed.), Neurobiology of the Parental Brain, Academic Press, New York, pp. 435-448.


25. Trainor, B. C., Rowland, M. R. & Nelson, R. J. 2007. Photoperiod affects estrogen receptor alpha, estrogen receptor beta, and aggressive behavior. European Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 207-218.

24. Nelson, R. J. & Trainor, B. C. 2007. Neural mechanisms of aggression. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8, 536-546.

23. Trainor, B. C., Lin, S., Finy, M. S., Rowland, M. R. & Nelson, R. J. 2007. Photoperiod reverses the effects of estrogens on male aggression via genomic and nongenomic pathways. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U.S.A., 104, 9840-9845.

*Editor's choice Science Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment
**Commentary by Pfaff and Silver.

22. Trainor, B. C., Workman, J. L., Jessen, R. & Nelson, R. J. 2007. Impaired nitric oxide synthase signaling dissociates social investigation and aggression. Behavioral Neuroscience, 121, 362-369.

21. Trainor, B. C. & Hofmann, H. A. 2007. Somatostatin and somatostatin receptor gene expression in dominant and subordinate cichlid fish Behavioural Brain Research, 179, 314-320.

20. Martin, L. B. II, Trainor, B. C., Finy, M. S., Nelson, R. J. 2007. HPA activity and neotic and anxiety-like behavior vary among Peromyscus species. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 151, 342-350.

19. Navara, K. J. Trainor, B. C., Nelson, R. J. 2007. Photoperiod alters macrophage responsiveness, but not expression of toll-like receptors in Siberian hamsters. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 148, 354-359.


18. Trainor, B. C., Kyomen, H. H. & Marler, C. A. 2006. Estrogenic encounters: How interactions between aromatase and the environment modulate aggression. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 27, 170-179.

17. Trainor, B. C., Greiwe, K. M. & Nelson, R. J. 2006. Individual differences in estrogen receptor alpha in select brain nuclei are associated with individual differences in aggression. Hormones and Behavior, 50, 338-345.

16. Trainor, B. C. & Hofmann, H. A. 2006. Somatostatin regulates aggressive behavior in the cichlid fish, Astatotilapia burtoni. Endocrinology, 147, 5119-5125.

15. Nelson, R. J., Trainor, B. C., Chiavegatto, S. & Demas, G. E. 2006. Pleiotropic contributions of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS-1) to aggressive behavior. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 346-355.

14. Frazier, C. R. M., Trainor, B. C., Cravens, C. J., Whitney, T. K. & Marler, C. A. 2006. Paternal behavior influences development of aggression and vasopressin expression in male California mouse offspring. Hormones and Behavior, 50, 699-707.

13. Trainor, B. C. & Basolo, A. L. 2006. Female swordtail preference for incomplete swords: position effects of stripe components. Animal Behaviour, 71, 135-140.

12. Trainor, B. C., Martin, L. B., Kuhlman, J., Greiwe, K. M. & Nelson, R. J. 2006. Social and photoperiod effects on reproduction. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 30, 346-355.

11. Pyter, L. M., Trainor, B. C. & Nelson, R. J. 2006. Testosterone and photoperiod interact to affect spatial learning and memory in adult male white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus). European Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 3056-3062.


10. Marler, C. A., Oyegbile, T., Plavicki, J. & Trainor, B. C. 2005. Response to Wingfield Commentary on "A continuing saga: the role of testosterone in aggression". Hormones and Behavior, 48, 256-258.

9. Marler, C. A., Trainor, B. C., Davis, E. S. 2005. Aggression and paternal behavior. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 163-166.


8. Trainor, B. C., Bird, I. M. & Marler, C. A. 2004. Opposing hormonal mechanisms of aggression revealed through short-lived testosterone manipulations and multiple winning experiences.Hormones and Behavior, 45, 115-121.


7. Trainor, B. C., Rouse, K. L. & Marler, C. A. 2003. Arginine vasotocin interacts with the social environment to regulate advertisement calling in the gray treefrog (Hyla versicolor). Brain Behavior and Evolution, 61, 165-171.

6. Trainor, B. C., Bird, I. M., Alday, N. A., Schlinger, B. A. & Marler, C. A. 2003. Variation in aromatase activity in the medial preoptic area and plasma progesterone is associated with the onset of paternal behavior. Neuroendocrinology, 78, 36-44.

5. Marler, C. A., Bester-Meredith, J. K. & Trainor, B. C. 2003. Paternal behavior and aggression: Endocrine mechanisms and nongenomic transmission of behavior. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 32, 263-323.


4. Trainor, B. C. & Marler, C. A. 2002. Testosterone promotes paternal behaviour in a monogamous mammal via conversion to oestrogen. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 269, 823-829.

3. Basolo, A. L. & Trainor, B. C. 2002. Multi-component male trait evolution via a preexisting bias. Animal Behaviour, 63, 469-474.


2. Trainor, B. C. & Marler, C. A. 2001. Testosterone, paternal behavior, and aggression in the monogamous California mouse, Peromyscus californicus. Hormones and Behavior, 40, 32-42.


1. Trainor, B. C. & Basolo, A. L. 2000. An evaluation of video playback using Xiphophorus helleri. Animal Behaviour, 59, 83-89.